Just on the east side of Fort Calhoun is Fort Atkinson State Historical Park. Fort Atkinson has the distinction of being the first United States Army post established west of the Missouri river. The fort was established in 1819, then later abandoned in 1827. Up to 1200 U.S. Army soldiers were garrisoned at Fort Atkinson. The fort also served as a trading post, which also hosted traders, trappers, and other frontier people. Many famous western explorers passed through Fort Atkinson. Fort Atkinson has also been credited by the Nebraska State Legislature as the first town in the state, founded almost thirty years prior to the creation of the Nebraska Territory.
In 1804, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark embarked on a journey that would become one of America’s most fabled expeditions. Part of that adventure would take them up the Missouri River and along the eastern and northern border of present-day Nebraska.Today, travelers experience that same pathway along the Lewis and Clark Scenic Byway. This 82-mile journey stretches just north of Omaha to South Sioux City.
Be a part of a team that encourages travelers to explore the lands the expedition traveled over two hundred years ago.
Traveling the Byway
Visitors traveling the byway experience lush, wooded bluffs that overlook the majestic Missouri River as it snakes its way through fertile farmland. They enjoy waterfowl and bison thriving on the area’s natural resources. In autumn, they witness the white clouds of snow geese as they make their graceful decent onto the oxbow lakes of DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge just east of Blair.As travelers make their way along the Lewis and Clark Scenic Byway through the reservations of the Omaha and Winnebago tribes, they share the path trappers, traders, and American Indians once lived and traveled. They view many historic sites as Fort Atkinson – the first military post west of the Missouri River located near the village of Fort Calhoun – and take part in the daily routine of life on American’s frontier. Near Winnebago, travelers discover a large herd of bison roaming the grassy plains.
Visitors take part in one of the many cultural events and attractions celebrating the ethnic heritage of northeast Nebraska including colorful powwows featuring tribal dances.
All this plus ample boating, fishing, hiking and more make the Lewis and Clark Scenic Byway an inspiring path of fun!
And of course, Too Far North is proud to be part of the Byway’s southern end. Stop on in and make it a great beginning and/or end to your journey!
Short Bull, a member of the Sioux tribe, was born in about 1845. He was a warrior who fought at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, and a medicine man who brought the Ghost Dance religion to the Lakotas.
After the murder of Sitting Bull and the events that led up to Wounded Knee Massacre Short Bull was imprisoned at Fort Sheridan, Illinois.
In 1891 Short Bull was released from custody and he was permitted to join Buffalo Bill Cody and his Wild West Show. He remained for several years and made several trips to Europe.
Through many miscalculations by federal and army officials, the Ghost Dance religion resulted in the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890. After the Massacre, Short Bull was sent to serve a prison term at Ft. Sheridan, near Chicago. Because they wanted to remove the Ghost Dance leaders’ influence, the federal government agreed to Buffalo Bill Cody’s request that the prisoners be released (1891) to tour with Cody in his Wild West show. Short Bull toured with the show in Europe and the United States over the next two years.
In 1894, Short Bull was invited by Thomas Edison to appear along with Annie Oakley in a film utilizing the kinetograph, the prototype of a movie camera. In 1893, Buffalo Bill Cody utilized Short Bull as an actor and a consultant in making a film that re-enacted the Wounded Knee Massacre.
Around the turn of the century many American and European ethnologists undertook research to preserve information on tribal languages, culture, history, and religious practices. Short Bull was a source to a number of these ethnologists who recorded his recollections through recorded conversations and his pictographs. There are pictographs in museums in the United States, France and Germany. Short Bull died on the Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota in 1915.
The 4th Arkansas Infantry (August 17, 1861–April 26, 1865) was a Confederate Army infantry regiment from the state of Arkansas during the American Civil War. The 4th Arkansas served throughout the war in the western theater, seeing action in the Kentucky, Tennessee and Georgia campaigns.